From migrants to workers: Regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in rural areas in the Nordic countries - Greve Harbo, Heleniak, Ström Hildestrand
The increase in immigration has been especially large since 2000 driven in part by several expansions of the European Union. At the same time, some of the Nordic countries have been the destination of large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees. This publication reports on the outcomes of a project which addresses regional and local practices on integration of labour migrants and refugees in six rural areas across the Nordic countries.
Nordic-Baltic Demographic Vulnerability Assessment at municipal level - Berlina, Greve Harbo, Rasmussen, Norlén
Across the world people are moving nationally from rural areas to bigger towns and cities, and within the European Union, people are also increasingly moving between countries. While migration in the Nordic countries has exceeded natural population increase as the most prominent driver of population growth, the Baltic countries have experienced significant out-migration in the latest decades.
The impact of migration on projected population trends in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden: 2015–2080 - Sanchez Gassen, Heleniak
The population of a country grows or declines as a result of the combination of two trends. One is natural increase, the difference between the number of births and deaths. A number of European countries have been experiencing 'negative natural increase' (i.e. more deaths than births) because women have had fertility rates well below two children per woman and older age structures. In recent decades, the Nordic countries have had positive natural increase as a result of having relatively higher fertility rates of just below two children per woman and relatively younger age structures.
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