In 2016 Denmark had about 5,7 million inhabitants. Denmark was for a long period a very homogeneous country. In 1980 2,6 percent of the population were immigrants and 0,4 percent were children of immigrants.
The share of people with foreign background (born outside Denmark or with parents born in another country) has steadily risen. In 2015 there were 21 255 asylum seekers. In 2016 this number was 6 235 persons. The people coming to Denmark originate mainly from Syria, Romania, Poland, USA and India. In 2015 11 percent of inhabitants were born in other countries.
Integration has been a highly debated topic in Denmark during the last decades.
- Labour market is a central issue. In 2016 an agreement was reached between the state, employers and trade unions with an aim of creating effective tools for integration in the labour market.
- Integration of refugee children in schools is one of the topics that is widely discussed. There are two models used. One of them is a type of reception classes where the pupils are gradually prepared for enetering the ordinary classes. The other model means that the pupils will have to join the regular education system right from the beginning.
- The housing market is another area that is mentioned as a challenge for integration.
- Many point out that it is inevitable to create a more effective asylum process.