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Housing and segregation

 The impact of housing policies and housing markets on ethnic spatial segregation: comparing the capital cities of four Nordic welfare states - Skifter Andersen, Andersson, Wessel, Vilkama 
This paper examines how ethnic segregation is connected to an ethnic division of the housing market and a spatial separation of different housing tenures in four Nordic cities. Explanations for the differences across the cities are found by comparing housing markets and housing policies. The housing markets are in all four cities ethnically segmented with high concentrations of immigrants in some forms of tenures (especially social/public housing) and low concentrations in others. We further discuss the reasons for the observed pattern.

 Spatial Integration of Immigrants in Nordic Cities: The Relevance of Spatial Assimilation Theory in a Welfare State Context - Wessel, Andersson, Kauppinen, Skifter Andersen
This article investigates the relevance of spatial assimilation theory in Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, and Stockholm. An important backdrop is the "Nordic model of welfare": We assume that welfare generosity decreases the speed of spatial integration. The study uses non-Western immigrants as a target group and natives as a reference group. The results show, in all cities, a lack of aggregate upward mobility in the spatial hierarchy. Deviant outcomes, particularly in Helsinki, are explained by immigration history and housing market structure. 

 Do Immigrants' Preferences for Neighbourhood Qualities Contribute to Segregation? The Case of Oslo - Søholt, Lynnebakke
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies Ethnic residential segregation is often explained with the claim that 'immigrants don't want to integrate—they prefer to stick together with co-ethnics'. By contrast, mixed neighbourhoods are seen as crucial for achieving social cohesion. In line with spatial assimilation theory there is a normative assumption that people interact with those living nearby. 

 Segregated cities and planning for social sustainability - a Nordic perspective - Tunström, Perjo
Within Nordic cities, residential segregation is a hotly debated topic, often discussed in conjunction with concerns relating to socio economic inequality, welfare provision, immigration, and integration. Nordic capital cities have experienced similar patterns of segregation and face shared problems. In the light of this, agendas for a socially sustainable urban development are being formulated in multiple arenas. But what are the main features of a socially sustainable city and what do these ambitions imply for planning practice? 

 Can planning combat segregation and strengthen social sustainablility? - Tunström, Anderson
Within Nordic cities, residential segregation is high on the agenda and a hotly debated topic, often discussed alongside concerns relating to socioeconomic inequality, welfare provision, immigration, and integration. Social sustainability is another recurrent 'buzzword', but what does it actually mean and imply in practice? This policy brief presents Nordic perspectives on segregated cities and planning for social sustainability.

You will find more examples of research on housing and segregation on our Scandinavian website.



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